The Trafalgar Chronicle New Series 8

5 President’s Foreword This year’s Trafalgar Chronicleshowcases the scholarship and talent of thirteen excellent authors from six countries. For this year’s theme, ‘The Navies of the Georgian Era – An International Perspective’, the editors received articles on the prominent navies of the Age of Sail: UK, US, India, Russia, Sweden, denmark, the Ottoman Empire, and France. No previous issue has contained such a compilation – a tour de force in capturing the naval history of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. I was particularly taken with an article by Saikat Mondal, a graduate student in Calcutta, who wrote about how the Bombay Marine trained under and supported the Royal Navy, becoming the Indian Navy. Even our most seasoned readers will learn something new from this unique piece. This issue also salutes the 500th anniversary (in 2022) of the Royal Swedish Navy with three excerpts from The Baltic Cauldron – a recently published comprehensive history of the Royal Swedish Navy. Many 1805 Club members contributed to this volume and some donated funding for the translation from Swedish to English. An introduction and two excerpts come from previous Trafalgar Chronicle editor, Peter Hore. Additionally, in this issue and on its cover, I am pleased to see the exquisite maritime artistry of our 1805 Club member, Captain Christer Hägg, Royal Swedish Navy Rtd. Through these theme-related articles and excerpts, readers will get a sense of how the navies of the Georgian era continuously vied with one another for naval superiority and control of the seas – sometimes in war with battles and blockades, sometimes in alliances and treaties, sometimes in diplomacy and finesse. Here, we can glimpse the foundations of today’s maritime world. As always, this issue offers excellent biographical portraits of Royal Navy officers who served with dedication, gallantry, and honour, under difficult and dangerous circumstances: Captain Charles Cunningham, Admirals Rodney and