ON THIS DAY - September

2 September 1805: Nelson to Captain Henry Blackwood who had called at Merton, "I am sure you bring me news of the French and Spanish Fleets, and I think I shall yet have to beat them".

4 September 1805:  Lady Hamilton writes to Lady Bolton, "My dear friend I am going broken-hearted, as our dear Nelson is immediately going. It seems as though I have had a fortnight's dream, and am awoke to all the misery of this cruel separation."

6 September 1803: Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson writes to his solicitor for his will: " I send you a Codicil to my Will, which you will not communicate to any person breathing; as I would wish you to open, read it, and if not drawn up properly, send me a copy, and I will execute it. It is possible that my personal estate after the disposal of the furniture at Merton, may not amount to £4,000; and sooner than this legacy, or any other, should go unpaid, I would saddle Bronté, or any other estate with legacies."

10 September 1789: On half pay Captain Horatio Nelson asks Captain William Locker: "Is there any idea of our being drawn into a quarrel by these commotions on the continent? I will take care to make my application in time."

13 September 1805: Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson writes in his private diary, "At half past-ten drove from dear dear Merton where I left all which I hold dear in this world, to go to sea to serve My King and Country. May the Great  God whom I adore enable me to fulfil the expectations of my Country; and if it is His good pleasure that I should return, my  thanks will never cease being offered up to the throne of His Mercy".

14 September 1805: On arrival at Portsmouth from Merton Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson writes in his private diary: "At six o'clock arrived at Portsmouth, and having arranged all my business, embarked at the bathing machines with Mr Rose and Mr Canning at two; got on board the Victory at St Helens, who dined with me; preparing for sea".

17 September 1805: Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson writes off the Eddystone  to Emma Hamilton: "I entreat my dear Emma, that you will cheer up; and we will look forward to many happy years, and be surrounded by our children's children. God Almighty can, when he pleases remove the impediment [his marriage to Lady Nelson".

18 September 1794: Captain Horatio Nelson takes the island of Capraja. To the Governor, enclosing capitulation terms: "Had your answer been a refusal to treat, our attacks by Land and Sea would have commenced, and the lives and property of innocent inhabitants would have been sacrificed by tour fruitless attempt against the superior forces attacking you".

21 September 1796: Commodore Nelson explains to Admiral Sir John Jervis that because of Spain's neutrality he would not take the Spanish vessel La Vengeance, "Although I own my fingers itched for it".

24 September 1793: Off Leghorn Captain Horatio Nelson wrote: "An express came that a French man-of-war, and three sail under her convoy, had anchored under Sardinia. . .  Unfit as my ship was, I had nothing left for the honour of our country but to sail, which I did two hours afterwards.  It was necessary to show them what an English man-of-war would do".

25 September 1805: Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson off Cape St Vincent, sends Thunderer and Euralyus ahead to announce his approach. To Vice Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood, he writes, "If you are in sight of Cadiz not only may no salute take place, but also that no Colours may be hoisted, for it is well not to proclaim to the enemy every Ship which may join the Fleet".

27 September 1801: Captain Edward Parker, wounded on the night of 15 August during the attack on the French flotilla at anchor of Boulogne, dies. Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson was very fond of Parker and said, "He suffered much and can suffer more". Nelson subsequently paid for Parker's memorial at Deal, which was subsequently conserved by The 1805 Club.

29 September 1758:  HORATIO NELSON was born at Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, England.