ON THIS DATE  - July

1st July 1783: Nelson on team building: The disgust of the seamen to the Navy is all owing to the infernal plan of turning them over from ship to ship, so that men cannot be attached to their officers, or the officers care two-pence about them.'

4th July 1787: Sir John Jervis writes to Nelson: 'Every service you are engaged in adds fresh lustre to the British arms, and to your character.'

5th July 1797:  Nelson again attacks Spanish gunboats at Cadiz with bomb vessels.  To Jervis: 'Your encouragement for those Lieutenants who may conspicuously exert themselves, cannot fail to have its good effect in serving our country'.

6th July 1796:  Nelson to Joseph Brame of HM Consul at Genoa as he begins a blockade of the port of Leghorn demanding the restoration of its legal government:  'It will be credited, if my character is known, that this blockade will be attended to with a degree of rigour unexampled in the present war.'

7th July 1801: Nelson congratulates a Mr Nelson in Plymouth on the birth of a grandson, saying, 'I do not yet despair but that I may have fruit from my own loins.'

8th July 1803: Nelson writes to Emma Hamilton, 'I am for assisting Europe to the utmost of our power, but no treaties which England only keeps. I hope your next letter from Naples will give me news to alter my opinion of degenerate Europe; for I am sick at heart at the miserable cringing conduct of the great powers.'

10th July 1796: 'The harmony and good understanding between the Army and Navy employed on this occasion [the capture of Port Ferrajo, Elba] will I trust be a further proof of what may be affected by the co-operation of the two services.'

12th July 1794: 'Reports we know, get about, and . . .it is best to say it myself - that I got a little hurt this morning; not much as you may judge by my writing.' Nelson to his wife Fanny two days after the injury to his right eye at the siege of Calvi.12 July 1794: Nelson wrote to his wife Fanny following the injury to his eye two days before at the seige of Calvi: "Reports we know, get about, and … is best to say it myself -that I got a little hurt this morning: not much as you may judge by my writing".

14 July 1797: Orders from Admiral Sir John Jervis, Earl St Vincent, to Rear Admiral Sir Horatio Nelson: "You are to proceed with the utmost expedition off the island of Tenerife, and there make your disposition for taking possession of the town of Santa Cruz by a sudden and vigorous assault".

15th July 1815: Napoleon finally surrenders to Captain Frederick Maitland, in Basque Roads aboard Trafalgar veteran Bellerophon. He is sent into exile on St Helena where he dies on 5 May 1821.

16th July 1795: Start of the Admiralty telegraph system to the Royal Dockyard at Chatham.

17th July 1797: Nelson prepares for the attack of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, 'Each ship to make as many iron ram-rods as possible, it being found that the wooden ones are very liable to break when used in a hurry.'

18 July 1796: Nelson to Admiral Sir John Jervis, Earl St Vincent during the blockade off Leghorn(Livorno)., "I have only now to beg, that whenever you think the enemy will face you on water, you will send for me; for my heart would break to be absent at such a glorious time."

19th July 1799:  Lord Keith has ordered Nelson to Minorca, but he determines not to leave Naples:, 'I am fully aware of the act I have committed; but, sensible of my loyal intentions, I am prepared for my fate which may await my disobedience. . . I have done what I thought right; others may think differently; but it will be my consolation that I have gained a Kingdom, seated a faithful ally of His Majesty firmly on his throne, and restored happiness to thousands.'

20 July 1805: Nelson notes in his journal, "I went on shore for the first time since 16th June 1803; and from having my foot out of the Victory, two years wanting ten days."

22nd July 1797:  Nelson writes advice on the training of midshipmen, 'In the first place, my lord, it is necessary that he should be made complete in his navigation; and if the peace continues French is absolutely necessary. Dancing is an accomplishment that probably a sea officer may require. You will see almost the necessity of it, when employed in foreign countries.'

24th July 1797:  Nelson writes to Earl St Vincent prior to the attack on Santa Cruz de Tenerife: 'Tomorrow my head will probably be covered with laurel or Cyprus.'

25 July 1801: England is gripped by fear of an invasion from France. Nelson to William Marsden on the defence of the Thames: "Whatever plans may be adopted the moment the enemy touch our coast, be it where it may, they are to be attacked by every man afloat and on shore: this must be perfectly understood. Never fear the event".

27th July 1797:  ATTACK ON SANTA CRUZ DE TENERIFE Nelson loses his right arm and writes his first letter with his left hand from Theseus to the Earl St Vincent, "I am become a burthen to my friends, and useless to my country…When I leave your command I become dead to the world ...  I go hence, and am no more seen.  I hope you will be able to give me a frigate to convey the remains of my carcass to England".

29th July 1795:  Nelson frets at the appointment of Admiral Hotham to commander-in-chief Mediterranean fleet: 'Hotham has no head for such enterprise, perfectly satisfied that each month passes without any losses on our side. I almost, I assure you, wish myself an Admiral, with the command of a fleet. Probably when I grow older, I shall not feel all that alacrity and anxiety for the service which I do at present.'

31 July 1798: On the eve the Battle of the Nile Nelson wrote, "Before this time tomorrow, I shall have gained a peerage, or Westminster Abbey".